- stomach cramps
There are many types of food borne illness caused by different bacteria. The most common include:
Symptoms include stomach cramps and severe diarrhoea and sometimes vomiting and fever. They can begin 2-10 days after eating contaminated food but usually within 2-5 days. The main sources are undercooked chicken and other meats, pets, unpasteurised milk and contaminated water and cross-contamination to other foods. This organism is the most common cause of acute diarrhoea in adults.
Symptoms include stomach pain, fever, diarrhoea and vomiting. It usually takes about 12-72 hours for the illness to develop. Symptoms can be much more severe in the young and elderly. The main sources are undercooked chicken and other meats, unpasteurised milk and raw or undercooked eggs. This organism is the second most common form of food poisoning.
Symptoms include severe bloody diarrhoea, and the infection can lead to serious kidney damage in children. It usually takes 12-72 hours for illness to develop. The main sources are undercooked beef burgers and minced beef, contaminated cooked meats and unpasteurised milk. This organism has also been linked to farms and farm animals.
Symptoms include stomach pains and vomiting, 1-6 hours after eating and it usually takes 12-24 hours for symptoms to subside. This bacteria is found on humans (particularly in the nose, throat, skin and ears) and is transferred to food through poor hygiene practices.
Mild flu-like illness in healthy people, but which can cause septicaemia and meningitis in the young and elderly. Listeria can lead to stillbirth and miscarriage or meningitis in a new-born baby. Sources include unpasteurised soft cheeses (such as brie and camembert) and meat pates. Prevention of food poisoning from Listeria is more difficult than other organisms as it can multiply rapidly at refrigeration temperatures. It is recommended that pregnant women do not eat the above products.