Birmingham's residents are from a wide range of national, ethnic and religious backgrounds.
The chart below shows that the largest ethnic group in Birmingham was White British with 570,217 (53.1%). This is down from 2001 (65.6%) and lower than the average in England (79.8%).
Other large groups include Pakistani (144,627, 13.5%) and Indian (64,621, 6.0%) which have grown since 2001, while people defining themselves as Black Caribbean (47,641, 4.4%) have declined.
- Overseas migrants arriving between the 1950s and 1980s were mainly from southern India and the Caribbean. More recent trends see people arriving from many different parts of the world, including Eastern Europe, Africa and the Middle East.
- 238,313 Birmingham residents were born outside the UK. Of these around 45% arrived during the last decade.
- The Census shows that most people (86%), regardless of ethnicity, consider themselves to be British.
- 46.1% of residents said they were Christian, 21.8% Muslim and 19.3% no religion.
See the documents below for more details.
Last Updated : 6th January 2014