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Types of Exclusion

There are three types of exclusion:

  • Fixed period
  • Lunchtime
  • Permanent

Fixed Period Exclusion

A pupil can be excluded from school or Pupil Referral Unit for one or more fixed periods not exceeding 45 school days in any one school year. Please note that from 01 September 2007 the DCSF Guidance states that Full Time education must be provided by the School after the sixth day of any fixed period exclusion.

Lunchtime Exclusion

Pupils whose behaviour is disruptive at lunchtime may be excluded from the school premises or Pupil Referral Unit for the duration of a lunchtime period. Lunchtime exclusion is a fixed period exclusion (equivalent to one half-school day) and should be treated as such.

Permanent Exclusion

A pupil can be permanently excluded from a school. The decision to exclude permanently is a serious one. It is usually the final step in a process of dealing with disciplinary offences following a wide range of other strategies, which have been tried without success. It is an acknowledgement by the school or pupil referral unit that it has exhausted all available strategies for dealing with the pupil and should normally be used as a last resort.

However, there may be exceptional circumstances where, in the judgement of the headteacher or the teacher in charge of a pupil referral unit, it is appropriate to exclude permanently for a first or 'one-off' offence. Please note that from 01 September 2007 the DCSF guidance states that Full Time education must be provided by the Local Authority from the sixth day of permanent exclusion.

The Exclusions Team makes a referral to the City of Birmingham School when details of a Permanent Exclusion are received.